Difference between revisions of "Matlab Bindings"

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(write an appropriate matlab function in <tt>bindings/matlab/classes/@IXTclassname</tt> directory)
(define an appropriate binding subroutine in <tt>IXMclassname_m.f90</tt>)
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# functions which return an object(s) (<tt>IXTtestclass, IXTdataset_2d</tt>) eg. the result of a plus operation (defined below)
 
# functions which return an object(s) (<tt>IXTtestclass, IXTdataset_2d</tt>) eg. the result of a plus operation (defined below)
 
# functions which return an object(s) and a simple type back to matlab  
 
# functions which return an object(s) and a simple type back to matlab  
 +
 +
the <tt>IXBgetFromBinding</tt> command reads data into a variable which has been passed down to the bindings layer from the matlab front-end. the call syntax is defined below.
 +
* <tt>number</tt> refers to the position of the argument when it is called from the [[Matlab bindings#write an appropriate matlab function in <tt>bindings/matlab/classes/@IXTclassname</tt> directory|matlab function]]
 +
 +
 +
<pre>
 +
    call IXFgetFromBinding(prhs(number),' ',1,0,variable,status)
 +
    call IXFgetFromBindingPtr(prhs(number),' ',1,0,variable,status)
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
  
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
   subroutine IXBplus_Testclass(nlhs, plhs, nrhs, prhs, status)
 
   subroutine IXBplus_Testclass(nlhs, plhs, nrhs, prhs, status)
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
this provides access to the <tt>IXBgetFromBinding</tt> interface to read the input objects from matlab, as well as any variable input arguments
+
this provides access to the <tt>IXBgetFromBinding</tt> and <tt>IXBsendtoBinding</tt> interfaces to read/write variables from/to matlab
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
     use IXMm_testclass
 
     use IXMm_testclass

Revision as of 10:08, 16 May 2008

The main binding to the Libisis framework which has been implemented is matlab. Each type defined in the framework has a module which contains type-specific methods for getting objects and variables from the matlab front-end and sending objects and variables back to the matlab front-end. These methods are called using two interfaces which are defined in a module IXMm_classname.

  • IXBgetFromBinding
  • IXBsendToBinding

This module is always defined in the file bindings/matlab/IXMclassname_m.f90. As a rule this module always contains the line use IXMclassname (it is however included automatically and does not need to be explicitly specified in the code)

The interfaces and methods of the IXMm_classname module are generated automatically using the preprocessor, in the following example for the IXTtestclass object in the IXMtestclass_m.f90 file. These are the only statements required to define the IXMm_testclass module.

module IXMm_testclass

#define IXD_TYPE testclass
#include "bindings_header.f90"

contains

#define IXD_TYPE testclass
#include "bindings_base.f90"

end module IXMm_testclass

If a class method implemented in the fortran framework is to be called from the matlab front-end various steps need to be followed.

define an appropriate binding subroutine in IXMclassname_m.f90

functions which are called from matlab are defined in the same file but outside of the IXMm_classname module. They are all prefixed with IXB. all the standard functions which are called such as IXBdisplay_classname, IXBcheck_classname are auto-generated using the preprocessor, so do not need any extra implementation.

#define IXD_TYPE testclass
#include "bindings_extra.f90"

only functions which are extra to the standard module subroutines which you need to call from matlab have to have a binding subroutine defined. We can create an IXBplus_testclass subroutine to allow matlab calling of the IXFplus_testclass method of IXTtestclass.

The arguments of every IXBmethod_classname subroutine are the same

  • nlhs is the number of left hand side arguments from matlab (ie what is the output of the matlab call)
  • plhs(nlhs) is an array of pointers to the left hand side arguments
  • nrhs is the number of right hand side arguments from matlab (ie what are the arguments of the matlab call)
  • prhs(nrhs) is an array of pointers to the right hand side arguments

for the most part memory is shared between the matlab binding and fortran framework, so we work with pointers.

there are four types of subroutine which can be called, each with different variables which are returned to the matlab front-end

  1. functions which have no variable output eg. display,check (defined in bindings_base.f90)
  2. functions which return a simple type (real, integer, character) eg. getting a value from an object
  3. functions which return an object(s) (IXTtestclass, IXTdataset_2d) eg. the result of a plus operation (defined below)
  4. functions which return an object(s) and a simple type back to matlab

the IXBgetFromBinding command reads data into a variable which has been passed down to the bindings layer from the matlab front-end. the call syntax is defined below.

  • number refers to the position of the argument when it is called from the [[Matlab bindings#write an appropriate matlab function in bindings/matlab/classes/@IXTclassname directory|matlab function]]


    call IXFgetFromBinding(prhs(number),' ',1,0,variable,status)
    call IXFgetFromBindingPtr(prhs(number),' ',1,0,variable,status)


  subroutine IXBplus_Testclass(nlhs, plhs, nrhs, prhs, status)

this provides access to the IXBgetFromBinding and IXBsendtoBinding interfaces to read/write variables from/to matlab

    use IXMm_testclass
    implicit none

standard declarations

    integer :: nlhs, nrhs
    integer(cpointer_t) :: plhs(nlhs), prhs(nrhs)
  • declarations of input and output objects used by the method called
  • array input is defined as a pointer
    type(IXTtestclass) :: wres, w1, w2
    real(dp),pointer::array(:)
    type(IXTstatus) :: status
  • read in two structures which will be added together
  • check read went OK - report errors and return if not
    call IXBgetFromBinding(prhs(2),' ', 1, 0, w1, status)
    call IXBgetFromBinding(prhs(3),' ', 1, 0, w2, status)
    call IXBgetFromBindingPtr(prhs(4),' ', 1, 0, array, status)
    if (status == IXCseverity_error) return

do adding operation

    call IXFplus_testclass(wres, w1, w2,array, status)

wres has now been filled and needs to be entered into the matlab memory if the process was successfull

    if (status == IXCseverity_error) then
        plhs(1)=ixDuplicateArray(prhs(1))
    else
        call IXBsendToBinding(plhs(1), prhs(1), ' ', 1, 0, wres, status)
    endif
  end subroutine

define object subroutine pair in libisisexc.txt

write an appropriate matlab function in bindings/matlab/classes/@IXTclassname directory

this function must make a call to the libisisexc DLL